Overall, growing verbena from seed is easy and can save you money on your annuals. While the verbena flower is drought resistant, the blooms are improved with regular watering of an inch or so each week. The leaves are opposite, and cut into toothed lobes. The verbena flower is not particular about soil, except that it must be well-draining. Apply in spring and again following the occasional trims needed for optimum bloom. It is usually gathered from the wild both for local use and for sale, but is sometimes also cultivated. Water verbena plants at the base to avoid wetting the foliage. Vervain starts out as a small compact clump of fairly large leaves which are deeply divided almost forming leaflets. If you’re searching for long lasting blooms that perform during the hottest days of summer heat, consider planting the verbena flower (Verbena officinalis). Family Verbenaceae . Good drainage can offset this problem. grandiflora ‘Bampton’ in full sun, in moist, well-drained soil. Vervain is also known as: Butterflies like this plant too. As long as its soil is well drained, verbena will reward gardeners with countless clusters blooms all season long. It wants at least six hours of sunlight a day, prefers well-drained soil but isn’t picky about the quality of the soil, and needs about an inch of rain a week. Sowing medicinal vervain. Other Common Names of Vervain: Common or European vervain, enchanter’s plant, herb-of-the-cross, herb of grace, holy herb, ma bian cao, pigeon’s grass, pigeonweed, simpler’s joy, verbena. As a member of the mint family, lemon balm spreads vigorously and can become invasive. For best results, grow Verbena officinalis var. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. When to Plant Verbena Seeds Planning on the right time to sow seeds can make all the difference in the world between success and failure. The medicinal use of vervain can be traced back to the 18th century book "Sauer's Herbal Cure," where it was said to aid in the treatment of kidney stones. Good drainage can offset this problem. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It was widely cultivated as a medicinal herb in medieval gardens and has escaped often. Is Verbena Annual Or Perennial: Perennial And Annual Verbena Varieties, Growing Verbena Plants – Getting To Know Verbena Plant Varieties, Medicinal Uses For Verbena – Using Verbena In Cooking And Beyond, Planting A Giving Garden: Food Bank Garden Ideas, Giving To Food Deserts – How To Donate To Food Deserts, December To-Do List – What To Do In December Gardens, Globeflower Care: Growing Globeflowers In The Garden, Miracle Berry Growing: Learn About Caring For A Miracle Fruit Plant, Container Plant Watering: How Much And How Often To Water Potted Plants, Swedish Ivy Care: How To Grow A Swedish Ivy Houseplant, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. Verbena officinalis is a perennial plant growing up to 1 metre tall. Lemon Verbena vs. Hardy to Zones 4 to 8 (European Vervain, Herb of the Cross, Prostrate Verbena) Light blue to white flowered herbaceous perennial. No, Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing / Medium growing, Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water, Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full sun / Half shade, Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? Poor soil is acceptable for verbena growing conditions. The verbena flower is not particular about soil, except that it must be well-draining. If humidity is high in your area in summer, choose perennial verbena for a better summer show. The common name "blue vervain" is also sometimes used, but also refers to V. hastata. The tall stiff stems tower gracefully above many other companion plants, growing up to 2m. Verbena bonariensis is a unique plant loved by fans of prairie-style planting and by butterflies and pollinators. Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or autumn It grows +2 ft/35-80cm tall. Some are hesitant to remove parts of the plant regularly, but this is often necessary when planting verbena for summer blooms. Sign up for our newsletter. Poor soil is acceptable for verbena growing conditions. You can do this about 2-3 times over the season or as needed. Blue vervain and the other plants in this blog are in … Physical Characteristics Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Verbena officinalis .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Ithaca, NY Botanical Notes. While verbena species were all formerly circumscribed by the genus Verbena, a taxonomic revision has led to the placement of some species into the related genus Glandularia.The common garden verbena (Glandularia × hybrida, formerly Verbena hybrida) is a square-stemmed creeping plant that bears flat heads of phloxlike flowers in a range of colours. Leaves edible in green color in elliptic shape. Verbena is a plant. When planting verbena, remember to water, fertilize and trim for long lasting color in the summer garden and beyond. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine. ---Description---In England the Common Vervain is found growing by roadsides and in sunny pastures.It is a perennial bearing many small, pale-lilac flowers. To do this, cut about 2 inches (5.1 cm) off the ends of the plants where you want to control growth. Botanical Name: Verbena officinalis. Research published in 2016 looked at the possible positive effects of vervain … Flower color can be: blue, purple or pink with five petals that grow on bloom-stems. Leave the old stems and seedheads on for winter interest, then cut right back in early spring as the new shoots are emerging. Growing Essentials Verbena is generally pretty happy-go-lucky. Native to Europe and the Mediterranean. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. Other common names vervain 'Bampton' . The plant tends to make a dense crown that can even become a ground cover in some instances. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Perennial varieties of the verbena flower are often lost when planted in soil that becomes soggy following heavy winter snow or spring rain. Anti-Anxiety Relaxant. Verbena (/ v ər ˈ b iː n ə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae.It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants.The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Perennial varieties of the verbena flower are often lost when planted in soil that becomes soggy following heavy winter snow or spring rain. Vervain, or Verbena as it can be known, is native to South East Europe and was likely introduced here in Neolithic times, so has been long naturalised. Improve drainage before planting verbena by working in well composted, organic material. . Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. This perennial plant prospers quite far north (zone 3) but does not like the Deep South. Lemon Balm . Vervain, also known as verbena, Verbena officinalis, and herb of the cross, is a perennial herb native to Europe and Asia (1). Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! This is called tipping the plant… Leaves edible in green color in elliptic shape. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. They bear clusters of bright purple flowers … Common Vervain Genus:Verbena officinalis Pronunciation: (Vur-BEE-nuh off-fiss-ih-NAL-iss) Family: Verbenaceae Perennial; Hardy in Zones 4 through 8. As the plant grows the leaves become smaller and more rounded and arranged oppositely on the stem. Among its purported benefits, vervain may help treat. Vervain regained popularly in the 1930s as one of the 38 flowering plants used in a homeopathic tincture called Bach Flower Remedy, variations of which are still sold today. When sowing in a sheltered place, ensure minimum temperatures of 60°F (15°C). Habitat: Vervain was brought from Europe to North America and is now commonly found growing not only in North America, but also in North Africa, China, and Japan. As soon as the first leaves appear, thin to 1¼ to 1½ inches (3 to 4 cm). Planting verbena, whether annual or perennial types, ensures summer flowers when it is planted in the sunniest and possibly driest area of the garden. While the majority of Verbena species are native to the Americas and Asia, Verbena officinalis, is native to Europe where it has been held in high esteem since classical antiquity both as a medicinal and divine plant. The focal plant of this blog is Blue vervain, but it will also cover some of its close relatives including those that have been used in a similar medicinal manner. Fertilize lightly following the trim and water well. General aches an… To master the planting method of Verbena officinalis L., you must first choose the land suitable for planting Verbena officinalis L.. Before planting Verbena officinalis L., first choose a thick loam or sandy soil, and then plow, the depth of plowing is about 18-25 cm, and then apply 2000-2500 kg of decomposed farm manure per mu as base fertilizer. Continued blooms throughout the summer are possible if the gardener keeps the plant trimmed back. Repeat this step as needed when learning how to grow verbena successfully. Verbena is also drought tolerant, making it a great choice for rock gardens and for planting in cracks between stones. What is the best way to start growing? Plant / Seed / Vegetative reproduction, Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? Bees love it, and planting herbs for our busy little sisters is always a good idea--a bee-filled garden is a happy garden. If you plant too early, seedlings may die in overly wet or cold weather. Headaches 2. Growing from seed: Verbena transplants are widely available at garden centers in the spring, but you can also grow some types from seed, with the exception of sterile verbena hybrids. And of course, being the only member of its genus in much of its range, it is also simply known as "vervain" locally. Verbena officinalis growing shrub of the genus Verbena also known as Common verbena or Vervain, Verbena officinalis perennial deciduous plant, used as medical and edible plant (for the leaves) and also used as ornamental plant and for the scent, can grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9. The Medicinal Effects & Medicinal Uses. The plant is often used in modern herbalism, where it has a wide range of applications. Spring / Summer / Autumn / Winter, General information about the flower: Blue, purple or pink with five petals that grow on bloom-stems, Leaves harvesting season: Spring / Summer / Autumn, How to harvest the leaves? By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. In late spring to early summer long thin stalks arise from the plant in a … Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Broadcast seeds and cover the seeds in a shallow layer of seedling soil mix. Verbena can grow very quickly, so you may need to trim it back to control growth throughout the season. In fact, the name "verbena" is believed derived from the Celtic word ferfaenmeaning "to drive away stones." A limited application of complete, slow-release fertilizer is also a part of verbena plant care. 1. When you are ready to learn how to grow verbena, you’ll want to locate this tough specimen where it gets eight to 10 hours of sun each day. After the plant establish cut freely from the plant, possible with the stem or just in the end of the leaf, Information about leaves: Elliptic leaves in green color, Uses of Verbena officinalis leaves: Beverage, Planting Season: Spring Planting, Summer planting, Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants, Part shade Plants, Climates that the plant can grow: Subtropics Climate, Temperate Climate, Growing speed of the plant: Average growing plants, Fast growing plants, Plant life-form: Deciduous, Perennial plant, Shrub, Plant Uses: Edible plants, Fragrance, Medical uses, Ornamental plants, Requirements for watering the plant: Big amount of water, Regularly water, Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 4, Hardiness zone 5, Hardiness zone 6, Hardiness zone 7, Hardiness zone 8, Hardiness zone 9, Ornamental parts: Ornamental flower, Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant, Blooming season: Spring flowers, Summer flowers, Flower colors: Blue flower, Pink flower, Purple flower, Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Spring Harvest, Summer Harvest. Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) and lemon verbena have similar uses in the kitchen.Lemon balm is a hardy perennial and will return in the landscape each year in zones 3 to 7. It is also known as simpler's joy or holy herb, or more ambiguously as "mosquito plant" or "wild hyssop". Anti-inflammatory. However, verbena plant care may not include weekly water if rainfall in your area has reached an inch or more. Antispasmodic (relaxant) Antipyretic (fever reducing) Diuretic (water reducer) Astringent (constrictive) Antibacterial. It is a tall plant, with branching stems and clusters of small, purple flowers from June through to October. Verbena officinalis growing shrub of the genus Verbena also known as Common verbena or Vervain, Verbena officinalis perennial deciduous plant, used as medical and edible plant (for the leaves) and also used as ornamental plant and for the scent, can grow in temperate or subtropical climate and growing in hardiness zone 4-9. No, Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, Bloom season? Blue vervain (Verbena hastata). The plant has no perfume, and is slightly bitter and astringent in taste. Verbena is the ideal plant to cascade over retaining walls, containers, baskets, and window boxes. When blooms slow, trim the entire plant back by one fourth for a new show of flowers in two to three weeks. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Sow seeds indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area, and transplant the seedlings into outdoor beds once the soil warms up. When planted in proper verbena growing conditions, expect blooms the first season.